Call for submissions – community-based climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction practices in Cambodia
The Department of Climate Change (DCC) of the General Secretariat of the National Council for Sustainable Development is requesting submissions of descriptions of credible climate change adaptation and disaster risk practices under two themes:
- Indigenous/traditional practices for climate change adaptation and DRR; and
- Practices that promote climate resilience and empowerment of women, children and youth.
The contribution will enhance and share knowledge on approaches to climate resilience appropriate to Cambodia. Practices then can be up-scaled to widely apply across Cambodia to reduce the impacts of climate change.
Up to 15 of the best documented practices will be shared at a national ‘Conference on Community Based Climate Change Response Practices in Cambodia’, to be held on 29-30 November 2016. They will also be published as part of a compendium of practices for distribution at national and international level.
The call is open to Cambodia-based non-government organizations (NGOs), community-based organizations (CBOs), university researchers, students, local communities and the private sector. Submissions can be either in Khmer or in English.
This forms part of the ADB project Mainstreaming Climate Resilience into Development Planning. It aims to strengthen Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) coordination, technical support, and capacity of national and provincial policymakers, technical staff and civil society organizations to mainstream climate resilience into development planning. Two other outputs of the project include the development of a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) and detailed feasibility studies for selected National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) projects, and the development and dissemination of climate change adaptation knowledge products.
The deadline for submissions is 5pm (Cambodia time) on Wednesday, 2 November 2016.
For more information, please phone DCC at 012 617 092 and 077 535 392 or e-mail them at firstname.lastname@example.org
For more imformatiom, refer to the full announcement […]
International Conference on Water Resources and Hydropower Development in Asia to Feature ICEM Expertise
SPCR Coordination Team Meeting Brings Experts, Stakeholders Together for Climate Resilience in Cambodia
ICEM Facilitates Working Session on Preliminary Results of the Vietnam National Mekong Committee’s Impact Assessment Report
ICEM Wins UNDP’s Lao PDR-based Effective Governance for Small‐Scale Rural Infrastructure and Disaster Preparedness in a Changing Climate
SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA – 9 – 12 March, 2015: ICEM Participates in 2015 FOSS4GNA Geospatial Conference in San Francisco
ICEM presented at this year’s FOSS4GNA in San Francisco. FOSS4GNA is one of the largest global gatherings focused on open source geospatial software. It brings together developers, users, decision-makers and observers from a broad spectrum of organizations and fields of operation to foster the development of and support for open source geospatial software in a variety of fields.
The presentation focused on ICEM’s map Impact of Water Supply Infrastructure on Floods and Droughts in the Mekong Region, which was built as part of the Optimising Cascades project. This interactive map highlights results of a study of 67 Mekong dams for indicators such as flood control capacity and natural flood threat of the dam’s catchment. Users are given the option to change which indicator they are viewing at any given time, thus changing the overall picture of floods and dams in the basin. Each map element contains deeper data and information.
The presentation highlighted in particular the Lower Se San Dam, which coincided well with the keynote delivered by Planet Labs, whose high-resolution satellite imagery recently captured the dam’s rapid construction.
FOSS4GNA also afforded the opportunity to develop connections with Development Seed. Development Seed’s work focuses mainly on humanitarian aid, however, its OpenDataKit collection of software, originally designed to gather spatial and on-the-ground information in refugee camps in Lebanon, will likely prove very effective in ICEM’s upcoming projects on the Salween and Irrawaddy rivers in […]
MANILA, THE PHILIPPINES – 9-10 February 2015: ICEM Participates in the Workshop on Climate Risk Management in Planning and Investment Projects
APAN and the Asia Development Bank (ADB) co-organised the “Climate Risk Management in Planning and Investment Projects” workshop in February 2015 in Manila, the Philippines.
Aimed at building capacity amongst government officials on climate risk assessment and management, the workshop provided participants with a comprehensive two-day training on climate risk management approaches, climate data utilisation for impact and vulnerability assessment, economic and technical analysis in adaptation assessment and planning, and financial architecture on climate change adaptation initiatives in partnership with the private sector.
ICEM’s Tarek Ketelsen, Director – Technical Programs, presented on the Climate Risk & Vulnerability Assessment (CRVA): Central Mekong Delta Connectivity Project. The aims of the CRVA were to integrate climate change risk management into the detailed design of roads and bridges associated with the Central Mekong Delta Connectivity Project, and to pilot-test a rapid climate change vulnerability and adaptation methodology for transport infrastructure projects.
Initial Field Mission Establishes Groundwork, Implements Hydraulic Monitoring Program in Khone Falls Channels
Workshop Examines Climate Change and Development Implications for Protected Areas and Species in the Mekong Region
BANGKOK, THAILAND – 8 – 10 October, 2014: Workshop Examines Climate Change and Development Implications for Protected Areas and Species in the Mekong Region
Written by Robert Mather, Head, Southeast Asia Group, IUCN Asia
Over 60 participants from the 6 countries of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) came together in a workshop that examined ‘Mekong Protected Areas and Climate Change – Implications for Livelihoods and Development” The workshop was held from 8-10 October 2014, in Bangkok, Thailand, and was organized by the International Centre for Environmental Management (ICEM) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in collaboration with the Asian Development Bank (ADB) GMS Environment Operations Center (GMS-EOC). Environmental policy makers, international and national conservation organizations and protected area managers attended the event.
In kicking off the event, ICEM’s Jeremy Carew-Reid said that “We are members of the protected area family, a family with a Mission. We are starting on a journey and the destination of that journey is to put protected areas and biodiversity back where they belong – centre stage in the discussions on sustainable development”
Protected areas in the Mekong Region are still largely set within landscapes and seascapes of small-scale fishers and farmers although over the last 20 years the GMS Region has developed rapidly, regional integration of transport infrastructure and markets has progressed significantly, and large-scale commercial agriculture and industrial-scale plantations have grown in importance. With the imminent arrival of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015 this transformation of the region is set to continue.
“Now more than ever, protected areas are vitally important, not just for biodiversity conservation, but for the water food and energy security underpinning all of this economic activity” said Robert Mather, Head of IUCN Southeast Asia group, adding that “ The […]
BANGKOK, THAILAND – 2-3 July 2014: ICEM and ADB host the National Workshop on Strengthening Integrated Water and Flood Management Implementation in Thailand
On July 2nd and 3rd 2014, ICEM and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) hosted the National Workshop on Strengthening Integrated Water and Flood Management Implementation (IWRM) in Thailand at the Eastin Grand Sathorn Hotel in Bangkok. The workshop was held to promote awareness and consensus on the issues, tools and processes for improving water resource management in Thailand’s river basins, in particular flood and drought prevention and mitigation and water pollution control.
Over the two days, representatives and key personnel from major water management agencies at the national and provincial level, as well as international organisations and the private sector collaboratively discussed and worked through the opportunities and obstacles to IWRM in Thailand.
The workshop saw dynamic presentations and panel discussions about the future of water resource planning in Thailand. Key presentations included:
The Application of Satellite Monitoring Tools in Water Resource Management
Anond Snidvongs – Director General of the Geo-informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (GISTDA)
Economic Planning at River Basin Level to Achieve Sustainable Resource Use
Ladawan Kumpa – Deputy Secretary General of the Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB)
Using Managed Aquifer Recharge
Sittisak Manyou – Senior Geologist of the Department of Groundwater Resources on Mitigation of Floods, Drought and Groundwater Level Declination in Sukhothai, Phitsanulok and Phichit Provinces
How to maintain sustainability in water resources and natural systems while achieving flood and drought protection
Songtam Suksawang – Director of the Research Division, Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation (DNP)
A full report on the proceedings will be published in […]
Flood control in the Mekong: ICEM develops tool to identify hydropower dams in need of improved management and design
ICEM recently released the first technical brief from our ongoing study into the impact of water supply infrastructure on floods and drought in the Mekong region (MK12): Reservoir Flood Control Index: Assessing the Flood Risk and Capacity for Control in Mekong Hydro-Electric Reservoirs. The brief outlines a basin-wide tool called the Reservoir Flood Control Index that will allow developers, government and communities to understand the relative risk associated with existing and planned large hydro-electric projects in the Mekong basin.
There are currently upwards of 140 medium and large-scale hydropower projects existing and under consideration across the Lower Mekong Basin. Typically, national and regional planners have had trouble identifying the projects that have the greatest associated flood risk, and developing appropriate measures to incorporate flood control. ICEM’s Reservoir Flood Control Index (the Index) tool will identify these projects and provide an indication of basin-wide priorities for integrating flood control into reservoir design and operations.
The Index uses multi-criteria analysis to assess catchment hydrological characteristics (or the potential for flooding) against the physical and technical capacity of hydropower dams to store and release floodwater, as well as the possible extent of impact on downstream inhabitants and land-use. By using a two-step process, the Index integrates these diverse characteristics to rank flood threat, flood control and downstream damage for hydropower across the basin in a clear and transparent risk table. Planners can then consult the table to understand whether the reservoir will fall into one of the three main categories:
- Priority reservoirs which require improvement of management to incorporate flood control;
- Priority reservoirs which require improvement of reservoir design to incorporate flood control; and
- Reservoirs that are located in areas with low flood threat […]
A recent ICEM study has shown that climate change influenced landslides and flooding poses a serious threat to major National transport arteries in Viet Nam, such as the north-south National Road 14 and Ha Noi to HCMC Railway Line.
Viet Nam has invested heavily in transport infrastructure over the past decade. This has led to significant improvements to the road network in particular, with a five-fold increase in paved surface over the past seven years and a 30,000km increase in total length. However, the potential threat from climate change to the network was until now, not well understood.
This study is part of a two year (2012 to 2014) Asian Development Bank (ADB) funded technical assistance project to support the Government’s National Target Programme to respond to climate change (NTP-RCC), with one of the main aims being to develop a better understanding of the potential impact from climate change to the transport sector. The work has included a rigorous consultative process with ministerial and provincial transport stakeholders, field visits to major assets, detailed modelling to determine current and 2050 climate conditions, and GIS spatial analysis.
The study found that of the various climate threats that could impact transport assets, landslides have the most potential to cause catastrophic damage, followed by floods.
Results also showed that National Road 14 (known as HCM Highway), which is a critical artery from Ha Noi to HCMC, is the transport asset that will experience the greatest exposure to landslides in Viet Nam in future climate. Compared to current climate conditions, the length at the highest risk will increase by 50% to 200km by 2050. In addition, approximately 120km of this road that was previously only at moderately exposed will, due to climate change, […]
ICEM led a session exploring the potential of renewable energy in the Lower Mekong Basin at the recent 3rd Mekong Forum on Water, Food and Energy (19-21 November 2013, Hanoi).
The key areas of focus were:
- Whether small-scale and grid-connected renewables have the potential to substitute or complement the rapid rollout of large-scale hydropower in the Mekong;
- The technical potential for alternative technologies in the region, and the ‘gap’ that exists between the planned renewable energy expansion and the large technical potential that remains untapped; and
- The policies needed to promote regional growth in renewable energy supply.
Renewables and hydropower: complements or substitutes?
The electricity sector is the single largest source of GHG emissions. Proponents of large hydropower projects (i.e. with a capacity greater than 30MW) rightly emphasise low emissions relative to other sources of electricity. At the same time large hydropower remains controversial in the region due to significant direct environmental and social impacts. Concerns relating to both global and local environmental impacts have lead to calls for a more serious consideration of renewables as a low carbon alternative to large hydropower, but this begs the question as to the roles played by these very different technologies, and the relationship between them in electricity systems.
The lion’s share of power in lower Mekong basin countries currently comes from gas and large-scale hydropower. Only a small fraction – around 5% – is supplied by other renewables such as wind, solar, biogas and smaller-scale hydropower. But this modest beginning will form the basis for exponential growth. Current power development plans in the basin envisage five-fold renewable electricity generation grow from an estimated 3.5GW in 2010 to 15.5GW or 9% by 2025. Large-scale hydropower is also set to double from 18.2GW to 36GW. Unlike […]
An ICEM study has revealed that the drought suffered by some communities in the Central Highlands of Vietnam could be substantially avoided, if they are given access to the vast resources of the Yali Reservoir.
People living in the Central Highlands of Vietnam are increasingly facing the challenges of drought and extreme water shortage. Many rivers and streams, which are used for agricultural, irrigation and domestic consumption, often completely dry out in the dry season. Worsening droughts threaten agriculture production, which not only affects community life, but also weakens the provincial economy.
This is a particular challenge in the Gia Lai and Kon Tum provinces – which is where the vast Yali Reservoir is located. The Yali Reservoir is one of Vietnam’s largest, at 65 square km. Currently this reservoir supplies the hydropower dam, producing approximately 3,680 gigawatt hours (GWh) of power to the national grid system. Since commissioning in 2001, the reservoir has not been utilised by the communities of the Central Highlands. Instead, it has been solely used for the generation of electricity.
ICEM conducted a study as part of the Mekong Challenge Program on Water and Food to assess whether water from this reservoir could be used to provide the water needs of local communities, and to analyse the potential trade-offs in terms of energy production. The study investigated community water resource needs in the Yali catchment and found that livelihoods of communities here – approximately 33, 200 people – rely heavily on water resources for their livelihoods. ICEM researchers considered whether the Yali Reservoir could be used to provide a steady water source for these communities, particularly in the dry season […]
ICEM study indicates that 25% target for renewable energy by 2025 is realistic and sustainable in the GMS
HANOI, VIETNAM – 8 August 2013: The Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) is currently experiencing a massive expansion of power projects, which are projected to cause immense social, economic and ecological impacts. Emissions from power plants here are expected to exponentially increase over the next 15 years, with far-reaching implications for public health, livelihoods and the environment.
Managing the GMS power development in an environmentally and socially sustainable manner is a huge challenge. However, as part of a major project to investigate regional potential for renewable energy, ICEM has recently developed scenarios which indicate that a 25% target for renewable energy in the region by 2025 could be realistic, cost effective and more ecologically sustainable than current power development plans. Scenarios with greater energy efficiency appear even more sustainable.
ICEM’s director Dr. Jeremy Carew-Reid said: “Current usage of renewable energy sources in the GMS make up about 2-5% of total energy supply. However, a 25% target for renewables is a realistic balance for GMS countries to work to achieve. This would reduce difficult trade-offs between economic, social and environmental factors and help to ensure energy security in the region. ICEM have shown through our scenario modeling that green growth can be achievable and cost-effective in the GMS.”
The findings are part of an ongoing Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) by ICEM, funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the French Development Agency Agence Française de Développement (AFD) which has focused on ways to ensure sustainable regional power development*. A GMS Database has been developed, tracking the regional power plans, considering power plant location, capacity and outputs per year until 2025**. This database provides a comprehensive overview of national and regional power plans. The consolidated data provides a baseline for modeling future […]
Tropical storms demonstrate the need for bioengineered solutions to climate change impacts in rural Vietnam
HANOI, VIETNAM – 15 July 2013: ICEM researchers have been visiting villages and meeting community members in Dak Lak province Vietnam, to more clearly understand the impacts of hydropower dams on their lives and livelihoods.
Villagers in these areas close to the Cambodia border are reporting diverse impacts from the decade-old hydropower dam projects on their experiences of flooding and drought. The most interesting aspect for ICEM researchers was how localized the impacts were felt. The villagers’ agricultural usage and the location of the individual villages and farms in relation to the cascading dams all impact significantly on whether they were experiencing adverse affects in terms of water supply management.
Farmers and villagers from Buon Don, Buon Tri, Drek B and Ea Mar village along the Srepok river were interviewed as part of a survey for the Mekong Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF). This component of the program considers the impact of water supply infrastructure (WSI) on floods and droughts in the Mekong Region and the implications for food production.
The findings of the survey are especially important considering the projected impacts of climate change in the region, which is expected to increase the incidence of floods and droughts. Understanding the localized impacts related to the hydropower infrastructure means that the existing water management systems could be productively used manage water resources – both now and in the future.
The Srepok River is a major tributary of the Mekong River. Flowing from the Central Highlands of Vietnam into northeastern Cambodia, the river supports riparian communities who are largely dependent on fishing, lowland rice cultivation, and the collection of non-timber forest products for their livelihoods. Beginning in 2003, Vietnam’s state-owned Electricity of Vietnam began constructing the 280 MW […]
HANOI, VIETNAM – 13 May 2013: ICEM researchers have identified that the effects of climate change in the vulnerable Mekong wetlands will add to the threats on the critically endangered Siamese Crocodile.
Temperature changes during their breeding and hatching season are projected to become a critical climate change concern for the species. Climate change in the Mekong region is expected to cause temperature variability – which will affect the sex ratio of hatching reptiles.
Crocodile hatchlings – usually emerging in June or July – may become a completely female or male brood, depending on temperatures during incubation. Temperature is the critical component which defines the embryo sex of crocodiles. If the incubation temperature is higher than about 32oC, the brood will be female. In addition, warmer temperatures are also known to increase appetite in crocodiles, which combined with decreasing habitat may place further stress on the Siamese Crocodiles in the lower Mekong Basin.
The vulnerability of the Siamese Crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis) was identified during a case study was conducted in 2011 – 2012 in the Xe Champhone Wetlands by ICEM’s local partners in IUCN Lao. The study was part of a basin wide assessment of climate change threats, vulnerability and adaptation options for the wetlands in the Lower Mekong Basin and adaptation commissioned by the Mekong River Commission and carried out by ICEM and its partners, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, WorldFish Centre & Southeast Asia Regional START Centre. The Xe Champhone Wetlands covers approximately 450 km2 of central Lao PDR – part of the Xe Bang Hieng River basin. The Siamese Crocodile is the species of highest conservation concern in the region, which holds the largest population of this species in Lao PDR with […]
ICEM climate scientists forecast dramatic changes in crops, fisheries and livestock production in Mekong countries
BANGKOK, THAILAND – 29 March 2013: A team of ICEM researchers today released the results from a study on climate change in the Lower Mekong Basin. A major finding in the study forecasts changes in temperature and rainfall altering the suitability for some important industrial and food crops in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand, and Vietnam.
ICEM was contracted by The Mekong Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change Project (Mekong ARCC) – to conduct the study, the first of its kind in the Mekong region, for USAID’s Regional Development Mission for Asia (RDMA). The scientific team from ICEM looked at how changes in temperature and precipitation will affect growing conditions and yields for major crops like rice, maize, rubber, cassava, soya and coffee, as well as fisheries and livestock productivity. The study points to a number of “hotspots” around the region where climate change may have the strongest impact.
The region is highly dependent upon natural resources, with 70 percent of the basin’s 60 million people living as farmers and fishers, and highly vulnerable to changes in the climate and its impact on their livelihoods. The study represents the first step in the Mekong ARCC project’s effort to integrate science with local knowledge and help communities in the four countries prepare detailed local climate change adaptation assessments and plans for action. The study results will assist decision making and planning by government and business leaders in the four countries of the Lower Mekong Basin, which are exporters of crops like rubber, cassava and coffee.
Climate scientists generally agree that an average annual temperature increase of 2 degrees Celsius is a critical threshold—beyond this, climate change will severely disrupt natural systems and people’s lives. But according to the study, some areas […]
HANOI, VIETNAM – 7 March 2013: Climate change is set to impact extensively on agricultural productivity, and force changes in land usage by 2050 in lower Mekong Basin countries, according to a new ICEM study as part of the Mekong ARCC project.
The finding of the study in agriculture were presented in a large info-graphics poster at Mekong Environmental Symposium 2013 in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Held 5-7 March 2013, the Mekong Environmental Symposium was an international platform for governmental decision-makers, scientists, and other organizations active in the Mekong context.
ICEM was present to contribute international expertise and to contribute to trans-disciplinary information exchange for the benefit of the river basin. Experts were present from all six riparian countries, in the fields of river ecology, environmental monitoring, hydrology, socio-economics, energy, disaster management, trade and other sectors. Approximately 300-350 participants attended the high-profile three-day event.
The findings of the study indicated that climate change will affect the lives and livelihoods of more than 42 million people in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) who depend entirely on agriculture. Changes to the Mekong monsoon could cause floods, droughts and increasingly violent storms, bringing huge challenges to the agricultural sector.
The study (2011-2013) assessed the climate change impacts on subsistence and commercial farming in the LMB by 2050. Key subsistence and commercial crop species were studied, namely; lowland rain-fed rice, soya, maize, cassava, robusta coffee and rubber. The study used the results of statistical downscaling of Global Circulation Models coupled with a land use suitability assessment tool to examine the impacts of projected changes in climate on the suitability of the six crops.
Mekong riparian countries are facing severe human-induced challenges, due to socio-economic transformation, urbanization, and the ever increasing interlinking and economic growth […]
HANOI, VIETNAM – 2 June 2012: ICEM has received the International Association for Impact Assessment’s (IAIA) Corporate Initiative Award for its Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) work.
IAIA selected ICEM for this honour specifically for ICEM’s work on the SEA of twelve planned hydropower dams along the mainstream of the Mekong River and the SEA’s impact on the decision?making process. The IAIA award for corporate initiative is a global award presented to a private or public sector company for a specific activity or project that has made a notable contribution to responsible development practice through the application of impact assessment.
The award was presented to ICEM at IAIA’s annual conference event in Portugal. This event was the 32nd Annual Conference of the IAIA – entitled Energy Future; The Role of Impact Assessment (IAIA 12). The conference was held from 27 May-1 June 2012 at the Centro de Congresso da Alfândega, Porto, Portugal, from 27 May – 1 June 2012.
IAIA is the leading global network on best practice in the use of impact assessment for informed decision making regarding policies, programs, plans and projects.
> View ICEM receiving the IAIA Award:
Strategic Environmental Assessment of the Greater Mekong Subregion Power Plan
Following the success of ICEM’s SEA on the Mekong Mainstream, ICEM has been commissioned by the Asian Development Bank to complete a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) to assess the GMS Power Transmission Master Plan and alternative GMS energy futures and their effects. The SEA will guide future energy policy options and propose ways of improving the environmental and social sustainability of the GMS power plan. The SEA also provides guidance for more specific assessments at the national, sub-national and project level and throughout the process builds the capacity of GMS Energy Planning Agencies and Utilities to undertake SEAs. The project will be run over 15 months and commence with an inception workshop to be held in Hanoi from March 14 – 18.
Support for the National Target Program on Climate Change – Vietnam
ICEM in partnership with NIRAS has been contracted by the Asian Development Bank to provide Support for the National Target Program (NTP) on Climate Change with a Focus on Energy and Transport in Vietnam. It is a two year project that commenced in February 2012 with inception workshops held in Hanoi. The project is one of the first projects in South East Asia of its scale to integrate mitigation and adaptation planning. The project aims to contribute to the effective implementation of detailed NTPCC Action Plans by the Ministry of Industry and Trade, Ministry of Transport, Thanh Hoa Province, Ho Chi Minh City, and Da Nang City to reduce the growth rate of GHG emissions from energy and transport sectors by 2020 and reduce infrastructure and productivity losses in the urban sector. The project will also aim to increase the capacity of the target […]