> View and download the Brief: Review and Analysis of the Pollution Impacts from Vietnamese Manufacturing Sectors
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> Read and download the Final Report from this project
In 2007, Vietnam’s economy had doubled in size during the previous decade, while its poverty rate had been halved. Exports were growing by 20 percent per year, and foreign direct investment was increasing by 10 percent per year. This rapid economic growth led to a projected doubling of gross domestic product for the subsequent decade. This economic development brought associated industrialization and urbanization, along with huge public investments in infrastructure. This in turn brought huge pressures to bear on the environmental sustainability of Vietnam’s development.
In the context of the ongoing fundamental structural shift away from agriculture, forestry and fisheries toward industry, this document presents a review and analysis of industrial pollution from the manufacturing sector, based on field and research work undertaken for the World Bank by ICEM between September 2005 and January 2007, in partnership with the Ministry of Industry (MOI) and Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE).
The pollution estimates presented in the analysis resulted from application of the Industry Pollution Projection System (IPPS).