Mainstreaming Climate Resilience into Development Planning
Donor / Partner: ADB | Duration: 2015-2019 | Location: Cambodia
About: Action to tackle climate change in Cambodia is crucial. Cambodia will be a hotspot for climate change in the region. Average maximum daily temperatures in the wet season are projected to increase from between 1.7 to 5.3°C. Average dry season temperatures will also increase with a range of between 1.5 to 3.5°C.
Trends in precipitation are also expected to change over the coming decades. Seasonal variability in rainfall patterns will grow, resulting in wetter wet seasons and drier dry seasons. While it is projected that average precipitation will increase in the basin over the coming decades, periods of annual agricultural growth are expected to lengthen significantly.
Agriculture is the most important sector in Cambodia, accounting for around 33% of GDP and employing more than 50% of the country’s labor force. The majority of the population is vulnerable to changes in conditions affecting the agriculture sector and the natural systems and resources that underpin it. As a result, climate changes including increased average temperatures during the growing season and more variable and shifting rainfall patterns could have devastating impacts on the country’s agriculture sector and food security. Water resources are particularly important for the functioning of the agriculture sector and food security more broadly.
To address these challenges and achieve sustained institutional and technical capacity to integrate adaptation concerns into development planning in Cambodia, ICEM will undertake the following outputs:
Output 1 – SPCR coordination, technical support, and capacity to mainstream climate resilience into development planning strengthened.
Output 1 includes eleven activities and focuses on building the capacity of national and provincial policy makers, technical staff and civil society organisations (CSOs) in climate resilience for development planning. It will accomplish this through directed training and workshops, as well as on-the-job training and providing coordination and technical support for SPCR infrastructure investment projects. It will also include updating planning guidelines and technical design standards integrating climate resilience and adaptation considerations.
Output 2 – Detailed feasibility studies for selected NAPA projects conducted and development of NAP.
Output 2 will result in at least 6 feasibility studies of high priority NAPA projects with at least 2 of these to directly address vulnerable groups such as women and children, as well as unfunded SPCR priorities. This output will also require at least 2 of the feasibility studies to be developed into funding proposals to be submitted to selected global adaptation funds. An important additional activity that has been added since Package 1 was first issued for tender is the inclusion of activities to develop Cambodia’s National Adaptation Plan (NAP) as part of the UNFCCC NAP process for identifying medium- and long-term adaptation needs and strategies.
Output 3 – Climate change adaptation knowledge products developed and disseminated.
Output 3 will utilise the activities from Outputs 1 and 2 as well as other sources to develop knowledge products and develop and conduct public awareness campaigns. It will also develop systems of compiling, storing and disseminating knowledge products and other information and use this information to update the secondary and tertiary curriculum in relation to climate resilience.