Yangon, Myanmar – November 28th, 2018
Final Report of the Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) of the hydropower sector in Myanmar is now available.
Myanmar currently has the lowest rate of electrification in Southeast Asia, with only 40% of the population supplied. Hydropower has huge potential to address this demand. However, conventional hydropower development is the region has often been carried out without due consideration for cumulative effects on basin health, ecosystem services and local communities. Accordingly, the SEA of the hydropower sector in Myanmar has sought to provide a Sustainable Development Framework for hydropower in each of Myanmar’s major river basins to balance economic development with healthy river functioning and social equity “over the next century and beyond.” 
This report – the culmination of work which has been ongoing since 2016, outlines significant environmental and social issues, analyses sustainability requirements for each major basin in Myanmar, and provides a Sustainable Development Framework implementation plan with practical recommendations for hydropower policy, design, planning, siting, implementation and management.
The overall SEA was carried out by ICEM and the Myanmar Institute for Integrated Development, and the Final Report prepared by IFC. The SEA was led by Myanmar’s Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (MONREC) and Ministry of Electricity and Energy (MOEE), with support from Australian Aid and IFC.
 2 MOEE, 2018. MOEE presentation to: The Third Meeting of Energy and Electric Power Sector Coordination Group – 8 August 2018, as cited in IFC, Strategic Environmental Assessment of the Myanmar Hydropower Sector: Final Report, p1)
 IFC, Strategic Environmental Assessment of the Myanmar Hydropower Sector: Final Report, p4