Strengthening the Capacity of Pacific Countries to Respond to Climate Change
About: The regional capacity development technical assistance for Strengthening the Capacity of Pacific Developing Member Countries (DMCs) to Respond to Climate Change (Phase 1) is the ground-level link between the Asian Development Bank Pacific Department’s Climate Change Implementation Plan and the country partnership strategies.
This ADB regional project supported five Pacific DMCs to prepare for and to respond to climate change impacts. A core regional team from ICEM comprised of three specialists and five national teams, who supported the climate change focal point and line agencies in each country to conduct vulnerability mapping/assessments and to design high priority adaptation projects.
The project developed climate change adaptation investment packages for each of the Pacific DMCs. The planning process was based on the ICEM Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation (ICEM CAM) Methodology; it was modified for the Pacific context, and then implemented in each of the five participating DMCs. The planning process included a baseline assessment, a climate change impact and vulnerability mapping/assessment and the identification of adaption options (including roads) and priorities in line with national strategies.
The approach used a simple method appropriate for situations where there is limited detailed climate change data and limited experience and capacity in vulnerability assessment. Each team mapped past climate trends and extremes as well as information on past natural disasters (storms, floods, drought), and overlaid that on existing and planned development in the target areas. Once the threats were mapped and overlaid on existing and planned development, the teams assessed the vulnerability of specific pieces of infrastructure, natural areas or communities to weather related threats such as flooding, storms, sea level rise or drought.
The project contributed to mainstreaming climate change in Pacific DMCs and the project built capacity for adaptation planning.
The project achieved the following outcomes:
- Strengthening institutional capacity to prepare and assess climate change vulnerability assessments
- Development of information systems and baseline data that contributed to multi-sectoral climate change vulnerability and adaptation assessment
- Contributing to the development of climate change adaptation policies
- Completing concept designs for pilot adaptation projects that mainstream climate change and incorporate measures to support a sustainable and resilient economy.