The map identifies the communes with the highest pollution load from manufacturing industry in the Southern Economic Focal Region. Enterprise statistics derived from the General Statistics Office Enterprise Database (2004) where used as input into the World Bank’s Industrial Pollution Projection System (IPPS) to calculate the pollution load for all together 13 pollutants covering three media (air, water, land). Communes with Highest Pollution Load are clearly concentrated in Ho Chi Minh City and the parts of the neighbouring provinces that border HCMC. Additinally the maps shows the location of major Industrial Estates which concentrate in the same area.
[Source of map’s statistical information: Pollution Load Ranking – ICEM 2004 (General Statistics Office (2004) and IPPS); Industrial Estates – ICEM 2006]