ICEM has been involved in water resources survey and management in Asia and the Pacific for over 2 decades, focusing on projects in watershed management, survey and conservation of marine and freshwater habitats, rural drinking water supply and quality, economic valuations of ecosystem services and modelling of hydrology and water availability. ICEM is a leader in the Mekong region for its hydrological modeling work, its flood and drought studies, in understanding wetlands and in studying the effects of infrastructure developments and climate change on water resources and hydrodynamics.
The Sekong, Sesan and Sre Pok are transboundary tributaries of the Mekong River. The 3S basins, as they are collectively known, are richly endowed with natural resources and make an important contribution to national and regional development. However, there is a critical need to understand and respond to the risks inherent in the current "growth at all costs" paradigm. The purpose of the study is to improve the quality of planning and investment in the 3S region.
Lao PDR is among the least developed countries in the world and, according to IPPC findings, is particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Because of the region's high poverty rates and low development progress, livelihoods that are already affected by the impacts of existing climate variability become highly sensitive to climate change.
About: The Salween River lies at the cross roads of Asia linking South and Southeast Asia with Tibetan Plateau and providing a home and well-being to more than 13 distinct ethnic groups and 10 million people. As Myanmar develops, the relationship between the river’s stakeholders and the underlying biophysical system changes. New stakeholders are emerging with new values and needs and are placing new demands and pressures on the river and the health of the system. In this context, efforts to understand the health of river ecosystems and the values which different stakeholders ascribe to the goods and services derived from the river system will help set a benchmark of how development decisions at the national, provincial and local level will impact on different user groups.
About: Action to tackle climate change in Cambodia is crucial. Cambodia will be a hotspot for climate change in the region. Average maximum daily temperatures in the wet season are projected to increase from between 1.7 to 5.3°C. Average dry season temperatures will also increase with a range of between 1.5 to 3.5°C.
Trends in precipitation are also expected to change over the coming decades. Seasonal variability in rainfall patterns will grow, resulting in wetter wet seasons and drier dry seasons.
About: The Nam Ngiep 1 Hydropower Project is a hydropower generation facility planned for a location in Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) within the lower Nam Ngiep Catchment approximately 145 kilometres (km) northeast of Vientiane and approximately 50 km north of Pakxan. The Nam Ngiep is a tributary to the Mekong River, joining the Mekong immediately upstream of Pakxan. Primary components of the Project are a concrete gravity dam, storage reservoir, main power station and re-regulation power station, and power regulation and transmission facilities.
About: The Mekong Basin with its complex monsoon climate is highly exposed to climate change. Average annual temperatures are expected to increase by 3-5°C by mid-century with average wet season precipitation increasing by 3-14% (USAID, 2013). For the floodplain areas of Cambodia and Viet Nam, increases in wet precipitation will be coupled with increased peak daily precipitation events and drier dry seasons, compounding water availability issues by making wet seasons wetter and dry seasons drier (USAID, 2013).
About: The Mekong River Basin faces a grave threat from climate change. Communities and governments must work together to develop and promulgate adaptation strategies that preserve the lives and livelihoods of some 60 million people. ICEM is working with DAI and SEA START as part of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Mekong Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change (ARCC) project to generate new data, new approaches and to spur adaptive change in the Mekong River Basin.