Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) and Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) for Sub-project 1, Environmental and Social Assessment (ESA) for Stretch 1, and ESMP Monitoring and Reporting during Construction of Sub-project 1
Donor: The International Development Association (IDA) / World Bank | Duration: 2017-2020 | Location: Myanmar
Managed by the Directorate of Water Resources and Improvement of River Systems (DWIR) with support from the World Bank, the AIRBM project aims to develop and enhance navigation for the full navigable length of the river from Mandalay to Yangon. Navigation is proposed to be enhanced by river training by constructing groynes, guide bunds etc. in the river channel, bank protection works, dredging and installation of navigation aids such as signage, buoys and lighting.
For the purposes of this project, works will be undertaken on the following two aspects:
(a) Sub-project 1: Works within the specific area between Mandalay and Sagaing; and
(b) Stretch 1: Covering a length of the Ayeyarwady River of approximately 160 km between Mandalay to Nyaung Oo.
Under Part A, an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) will assess the baseline and potential impacts of those river improvement works and lead to the preparation of an Environment and Social Management Plan (ESMP) with a monitoring framework for the developments under “Sub-project 1”. The ESMP will ensure that measures are put in place to avoid and mitigate impacts and enhance the sub-project benefits. The environmental and social impacts of Sub-project 1 will need to be considered during both the construction and operational phases. Under Part B, an Environment and Social Assessment (ESA) will focus on “Stretch 1” and develop a baseline understanding of key issues and trends covering a length of approximately 160 km between Mandalay and Nyaung Oo.
To improve the inland waterway transport in priority stretches of the Ayeyarwady River and design a cost-effective and environmentally and socially acceptable strategy for managing the full length of the navigation channel.
To set up the analytical underpinnings to inform the design and potential environmental and social impact assessment of future navigation enhancement interventions and development.
- A more informed and improved dialogue between stakeholders and communities;
- An understanding of the current status (baseline) of the biophysical, geographical and socio-economic system;
- An understanding of the major drivers of change and trends in and along the Stretch 1;
- Understanding of specific potential impacts of Sub-project 1 and ways of avoiding, mitigating and enhancing the benefits of those impacts;
- Enhanced understanding by decision makers and other stakeholders of the range of stakeholder values and priorities that need to be taken into account in formulating the development of the Ayeyarwady waterway in a sustainable and integrated way;
- Recommendations on policies, procedures and plans required to plan, monitor and manage river and navigation development, trading off different values and outcomes; and
- Recommendations on additional baseline data gathering required to fill key information gaps.
Download the draft Scoping Report for ESIA/ESMP in English