Lao PDR Climate Risk and Vulnerability Assessments for Rural Infrastructure
Donor / Partner: UNDP | Duration: 2015-2016 | Location: Lao PDR
About: Lao PDR is among the least developed countries in the world and, according to IPPC findings, is particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Because of the region’s high poverty rates and low development progress, livelihoods that are already affected by the impacts of existing climate variability become highly sensitive to climate change. The government of Lao PDR has introduced initiatives such as the National Adaptation Program for Action (NAPA) which aims to build capacity for climate sensitive planning amongst Lao planners and decision makers. NAPA has identified four priority areas of response to climate change adaptation: agriculture, forestry, water and public health.
To help build capacity in this arena, UNDP/UNCDF has established the “Effective Governance for Small‐Scale Rural Infrastructure and Disaster Preparedness in a Changing Climate” project for small scale rural infrastructure in Saravane and Sekong province. This project supports and improves the local administrative systems that provide and maintain small scale rural infrastructure through participatory decision making that reflects the genuine needs of communities and natural systems most vulnerable to climate risk.
To support the “Effective Governance” project, ICEM has been contracted to conduct Climate Risk and Vulnerability Assessments (CRVAs) on water infrastructure assets in these two pilot provinces. Water infrastructure assets include irrigation systems, water supply systems, reservoirs, dykes and bridges. As part of the project’s focus on capacity building, ICEM will also train local practitioners in the CRVA methodology.
The two main outcomes of the project will be:
- Strengthened sub-national governance for building and maintaining climate resilient rural infrastructure, and
- Climate change resilience mainstreamed into district and provincial planning processes.
Several elements must be combined to create a CRVA best suited to the Lao PDR context. ICEM will create a framework that brings together baseline data of the two provinces, climate projections and international best practices. To augment the CRVA and tailor it to the needs of Lao PDR, ICEM will also incorporate data generated through field surveys and participatory mapping exercises of past extreme events.