Open Data for Resilience Initiative (OpenDRI): Community Mapping for Can Tho, Vietnam
Donor: World Bank | Duration: 2017 | Location: Vietnam
About: Can Tho City plays a major role in the socio-economic development of Vietnam’s Delta Region. The city plays a vital role in supporting regional connectivity through its transport and telecommunications systems, and hosts crucial infrastructure for power production, industry and water networks that benefit the entire delta.
Can Tho is also vulnerable to various stresses, including natural disasters like urban flooding, sea level rise and storms. Rapid uncontrolled urbanization has placed additional stresses on communities, infrastructure and the environment. To build urban resilience, local government agencies need to integrate climate change and disaster risk management in their city planning.
In response, The World Bank and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) are supporting the government of Can Tho City to enact the Can Tho Urban Development and Resilience Project, a program for building a more resilient urban system. This project will feed into a flood risk management system that OpenDRI will implement as part of its regional Open Cities program, one aspect of the Can Tho Urban Development and Resilience Project.
The Open Data for Resilience Initiative (OpenDRI): Community Mapping for Can Tho, Vietnam project entails the creation of base spatial data layers, the training of stakeholders to manage the resulting data and the creation of a laboratory that can be a long-term center of technical excellence for the associated technologies and data collection methodologies.
Understanding the status of existing infrastructure and demographics is essential to proactively adapt to climate change and to invest wisely in flood risk reduction. Communities have a crucial role to play in building and refreshing this knowledge, and collecting and disseminating data in an open and participatory manner is the foundation for effective resilience planning – especially for the creation of detailed local area plans.
The introduction of a reliable, freely-available, user-friendly community mapping resource and process such as OpenStreetMap (OSM) is an important and creative facility in charting the future course of development in Can Tho. OSM can communicate geospatial information relevant to urban infrastructure, community assets, demographics, and vulnerable areas that can guide community and data driven planning and urban development.
A thoroughly developed OSM community mapping portal for the Can Tho Province will include map layers detailing roads, drainage networks, solid waste collection, transport networks, remaining open space, markets, city zoning and safeguards, locations of vulnerable demographics, flood-prone areas, pollution risk areas, and areas under risk in climate change scenarios. The creation of this OSM portal will require a combination of community engagement, data collection and GIS analysis capacity.
Placing these mapping tools and capacity in the hands of local government and stakeholders will create an indispensable resource for efficiently and effectively guiding planning and implementation, monitoring and adjustment and overall city sustainable development.
- The project has four components that will be implemented in parallel, in a closely integrated process:
- Support field survey and data management;
- Facilitate data usage within SDI and city;
- Foster an autonomous, local mapping community; and
- Communications and advocacy.
- Work with community members to create a detailed exposure, land-use, transportation, and flooding dataset for Can Tho City and province and to integrate the dataset with OSM and government databases;
- Facilitate mapping data usage within local government, local universities and civil society groups;
- Develop and foster an autonomous, local mapping community through the creation of a mapping laboratory to use, contribute and spread awareness of the mapping tools and data; and
- Promote community mapping work through monthly blogging, videos, and other public awareness activities.