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Prepared by ICEM, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), and School of Environmental Science and Management (SchEM), the SESA presents a brief history of forest management in Nepal, forest types, and key environmental issues. It also outlines the reality of climate change vulnerability and impacts in Nepal, and highlights some of the important linkages, issues and potential trade-offs when considering strategic options to achieve REDD+.
Three key elements are addressed:
- the main economic, social and environmental impacts of climate change, adaptation needs and strategies to enhance resilience;
- the extent of land use change and forest-related activities as drivers of climate change or influencers of vulnerability, and the underlying causes of deforestation and forest degradation; and
- vulnerability of forests to the effects of climate change, both directly (changing environmental conditions based on available modelling) and indirectly (human-induced pressures).
The report also details the relationship of forest-dependent communities and disadvantaged groups with the forests, their views and concerns, and social outcomes of REDD+ pilot projects.