Promoting Climate Resilient Rural Infrastructure in Northern Viet Nam – Report Series


Promoting Climate Resilient Rural Infrastructure in Northern Viet Nam - Report Series The Asian Development Bank (ADB) Capacity Development Technical Assistance project Promoting Climate Resilient [...]

Preliminary Evaluation of the Ecological Attributes of the Fish Fauna of the Vu Gia – Thu Bon River System


Rapid economic development has seen Vietnam’s energy demand grow at a rate of 13-15% per annum over the last decade, leading to chronic and severe power shortages, and plans for extensive hydropower development. The Vu Gia – Thu Bon River Basin in central Vietnam will be one of the first areas to see increased hydropower development with 8 major and at least 34 minor hydro installations planned for completion over the next 10 years.

Pacific Adaptation – Report Series


The Asian Development Bank (ADB) Regional Capacity Development TA 7394-REG was undertaken over 15 months from October 2010. The project focused on enhancing the capacity of five PDMCs’ – Fiji, Marshall Islands, Palau, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste – for adopting and implementing a national climate change adaptation strategy and associated action plans.

Climate Change Impact Assessment of the Nam Ngiep 1 Hydropower Project – Final Report


In 2014/2015, ICEM conducted a Climate Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (CRVA) of the proposed Nam Ngiep Hydropower 1 Project (NNP1) in Lao PDR. The overall objective of the study was to assess the climate risk of the proposed Nam Ngiep 1 Hydropower Project (NNP1) in Lao PDR, and to identify measures to increase its climate resilience.

Resource Kit for Building Resilience and Sustainability in Mekong Towns


Natural systems are the essential foundation for Mekong town development and rehabilitation. The Resource Kit for Building Resilience and Sustainability in Mekong Towns is a seven-volume kit that promotes the maintenance and use of natural systems as a key strategy for building sustainability and resilience in urban areas. Prepared for the Asian Development Bank by ICEM as part of the award-winning TA 8186, the resource kit is built on the experience and expertise of a wide variety of professionals from the Mekong region and abroad.

Ensuring Sustainability of the Greater Mekong Subregion Regional Power Development — Final Reports


In 2012, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) contracted the consortium of ICEM–International Centre for Environment Management (ICEM) and Economic Consulting Associates (ECA) to undertake [...]

Using Strategic Environmental Assessment to Inform the Forestry Master Plan 2010 – 2020 of Vietnam


ICEM conducted this strategic environmental assessment (SEA) with the MARD Directorate of Forestry and the World Bank within the framework of negotiations on a Public Investment Reform Development Policy Loan between the World Bank and the Government of Vietnam. The SEA offers a rapid assessment of three Provincial Forest Protection and Development Plans (FPDPs) and provides guidance for the development of the National Forestry Master Plan 2010–2020 and wider decision making in the forestry sector in Vietnam.

REDD+ in Nepal: A Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment of Nepal’s REDD+ Strategy


Prepared by ICEM, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), and School of Environmental Science and Management (SchEM), the SESA presents a brief history of forest management in Nepal, forest types, and key environmental issues. It also outlines the reality of climate change vulnerability and impacts in Nepal, and highlights some of the important linkages, issues and potential trade-offs when considering strategic options to achieve REDD+.

REDD+ in Nepal: An Environmental and Social Management Framework


Prepared by ICEM, International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), and School of Environmental Science and Management (SchEM), the ESMF provides a framework for effective management of environmental and social issues in implementing the REDD+ Strategy. It seeks to both enhance the environmental and social development benefits of REDD+ actions and projects and mitigate any adverse impacts.

Mekong ARCC Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Study: Non Timber Forest Products and Crop Wild Relatives Report


Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) make a significant contribution to national and local economies and may make up over 30% of the income of individual farming families. They are essential for food security, medical remedies, fiber and furniture, and provide resins and essential oils - the raw materials for pharmaceuticals, fragrances, and other chemicals. Pressures upon land and natural resources have meant that the remaining sources for these natural products are protected areas. There is a strong financial incentive for sustainable management of this resource.

Mekong ARCC Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Study: Socio-economic Report


This Social and Economic Assessment complements the other sectoral reports in the USAID Mekong ARCC Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Study by assessing the vulnerability to climate change of two critical sectors of household livelihood systems: health and rural infrastructure. Human health is critical to livelihoods because it is the foundation of productivity in all activities. Inadequate health access limits the capacity of individuals to farm, fish, gather NTFPs, or attend to livestock. Moreover, adequate health ensures the nutritional benefits of food consumption are realized and is an important, but often forgotten, component of food security. The inability of one working member of a household to work due to poor health reduces household income and therefore impacts on the income and food security of all members of a household and potentially the broader community.

Mekong ARCC Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Study: Protected Areas Report


This protected areas report provides an outline of protected areas (PAs) and biodiversity in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB), and an overview of threats to PAs other than climate change, including land concessions, infrastructure development, illegal activities, and agriculture. The threats posed by climate change to PAs are then reviewed, followed by a series of case studies of climate change impacts, vulnerabilities, and adaptation options in four protected areas: 1) Nong Bong Kai Non Hunting Area – Thailand; 2) Nakai Nam Theun - Lao PDR; 3) Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary - Cambodia; and 4) U Minh Thuong National Park – Vietnam.

Mekong ARCC Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Study: Main Report


The Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Study for the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) was designed to serve as a model approach, describing the impacts on key livelihood sectors of the LMB including agriculture, capture fisheries and aquaculture, livestock, natural systems, health, and rural infrastructure. The Mekong ARCC Climate Study Team has now completed its final revision of this Study by addressing comments raised at the March Final Results Workshop in Bangkok, generated during the period of open public review, and from experts who formally peer reviewed technical aspects of the analysis.

Mekong ARCC Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Study: Agriculture Report


This agriculture sector vulnerability report provides a detailed summary of the issues and trends of climate change by ecozone. Agriculture, a key sector of the economy within the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB), is highly dependent on climate and especially on rainfall frequency and distribution. With more than 1,000 mm of rainfall per year in the LMB, water shortage is not the primary constraint for agriculture. Instead, it is the unpredictability and variability of rainfall distribution during the rainy season that can lead to drought, water stress, and low yields.

Mekong ARCC Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Study: Fisheries Report


This fisheries sector vulnerability report provides an overview of the current state of the important capture fisheries and aquaculture systems in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB), focusing on those elements that are threatened by climate change. It also presents a methodology and results for vulnerability assessments, for six climate change hotspots (Chiang Rai, Khammouan, Gia Lai, Mondulkiri, Kien Giang, and Stung Treng).

Mekong ARCC Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Study: Livestock Report


This livestock sector vulnerability report presents the results of the livestock evaluation components of the Mekong ARCC study. It establishes an initial baseline of the current status, trends, drivers, and tolerances of key livestock production systems in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) and hotspot provinces, then uses this information to develop hotspot province vulnerability assessments, and ultimately adaptation options for livestock throughout the basin.

Mekong ARCC: Priority Province Summaries


An important output of the Mekong ARCC Climate Study is the identification of climate change hotspots. By determining the ranges where temperature, rainfall, and soil characteristics at specific geographic locations create conditions that transform ecosystems and alter productivity of crops, livestock, and aquatic systems, a better understanding is gained of how climate change will impact community livelihood and subsistence options.

Wetlands Climate Change Impact and Vulnerability Assessment: Report Series


The purpose of the Wetlands Climate Change Impact and Vulnerability Assessment was to anticipate climate change impact and vulnerability of wetlands in the Mekong Basin, [...]